ACL Injury and Chiropractic

ACL injury

The knee is a hinge joint and stability is provided by the large thigh muscles (the quadriceps and hamstrings), the cartilaginous medial and lateral menisci, the medial and lateral collateral ligaments, and the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments. The cruciate ligaments are located within the knee joint and provide front-and-back stability to the knee. Specifically, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) helps prevent the shin bone (tibia) from sliding too far forward with respect to the thigh bone (femur). The cruciate ligaments also provide rotational stability to the knee.

The cutting maneuver, in which the foot is planted, the knee is flexed, the thigh is internally rotated, the shin is externally rotated, and with subsequent powerful contraction of the quadriceps is a position of vulnerability for the knee. Cutting maneuvers are common in sports such as soccer, basketball, football, and lacrosse. Cutting maneuvers may also be utilized in daily life, such as with the need to suddenly bend and twist the lower body.. Sudden, unanticipated cutting maneuvers may result in knee injury. Structures that may be damaged include the medial meniscus, the medial collateral ligament, and the ACL. This complex of injuries is known as O'Donaghue's triad. If there is significant joint swelling post-injury, it is likely that the ACL has been severely sprained and possibly ruptured.

Prevention is always the optimal policy, as third-degree ACL sprains (torn ACL) typically require ACL reconstructive surgery. Postoperative rehabilitation includes progressive physical therapy and at-home exercise. This recovery period usually ranges from 8 to 12 months.

Prevention of ACL injuries involves flexibility routines and lower extremity strengthening exercises. Flexibility activities may include yoga, Pilates exercises, and regular stretching of the quadriceps, hamstrings, and calf muscles. Lower extremity strength training includes squats, lunges, quadriceps extension, hamstring curls, calf raises, and toe raises. A primary result of an ongoing flexibility and lower extremity strength training program is optimization of knee proprioception, that is, increased neurological activity of the knee joint regarding its positioning in 3-dimensional space. Enhanced proprioception will help distribute cutting maneuver physical forces around the knee joint more effectively, reducing the likelihood of injury. As well, flexibility and exercise programs provide resilience and increased strength to the musculoskeletal structures comprising and supporting the knee.

Regular chiropractic care provides necessary support for both knee injury prevention programs and postoperative recovery. By detecting and correcting sources of biomechanical dysfunction and nerve interference, regular chiropractic care helps create a physiological environment by means of which you and your family can obtain the greatest benefit from your exercise activities. In the same way, if ACL reconstruction ever becomes necessary, regular chiropractic care helps assist the effectiveness of the recovery program and helps your body achieve the greatest benefit from rehabilitation protocols.

Benjaminse A, et al: Revised Approach to the Role of Fatigue in Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury Prevention: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analyses. Sports Med. 2019 Jan 18. doi: 10.1007/s40279-019-01052-6. [Epub ahead of print]

Biscarini A, et al: Knee flexion with quadriceps contraction: A new therapeutic exercise for the early stage of ACL rehabilitation. J Biomech 49(16):3855-3860, 2016

Smeets A, Malfait B: Is knee neuromuscular activity related to anterior cruciate ligament injury risk? A pilot study. Knee. 2018 Nov 8. pii: S0968-0160(18)30903-30907, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2018.10.006. [Epub ahead of print]

Office Hours

Our Regular Schedule

Wenatchee Office

Monday:

8:00 am-6:00 pm

Tuesday:

8:00 am-6:00 pm

Wednesday:

8:00 am-6:00 pm

Thursday:

8:00 am-6:00 pm

Friday:

8:00 am-5:00 pm

Saturday:

Massage by appointment only

Sunday:

Closed

Locations

Find us on the map

Testimonials

Reviews By Our Satisfied Patients

  • ""This is the most amazing chiropractic office I have ever been to! The staff is knowledgeable and the chiropractors here are out of this world. Everyone is very pleasant and friendly and I enjoy coming in even when I’m in pain. I highly recommend Decamp-Toftness Chiropractic and give them an A+.""
    Kelly C-- 2018
  • ""This office has the most wonderful, caring, and professional staff. They treat you so well, and truly care about your well-being. The Chiropractor really knows his stuff and truly cares about your well being and healing. They are all well trained and the office is always so calming. I give their entire staff a 10 out of 10!!! Keep up the great work!!""
    Rhonda B --2016

Featured Articles

Read about interesting topics

  • ACL Injury and Chiropractic

    You may not think of your knee and back being related, but chiropractic treatment can actually help prevent and care for injury to your ACL. ...

    Read More
  • Back Friendly Yard Work Tips

    Do you love to garden or engage in home improvement activities? Do so safely with these back-friendly tips. ...

    Read More
  • Chiropractic and Breech Babies During Pregnancy

    If you are experiencing back pain during your pregnancy or have a breech pregnancy, chiropractic can help. ...

    Read More
  • Natural Remedies for Sciatic Pain

    Do you experience sciatica pain? Both chiropractic care and at-home remedies can help alleviate that pain in a natural way. ...

    Read More
  • Chiropractic Care For Pets

    You know how chiropractic can help you, but what about your pets? ...

    Read More
  • Should I Use Ice or Heat for Pain?

    Did you hurt your knee during an intense game of pick-up basketball this weekend? Or do you deal with chronic pain? Learn whether you should apply heat or ice for particular kinds of pain. ...

    Read More
  • Relationship with Self

    The relationship you have with yourself and the journey to self-understanding is an important part of your overall wellness. ...

    Read More
  • Indoor Activities and Exercises

    Are you preparing for the winter months or looking for exercises to do when you can't make it to the gym? Follow these exercises to maintain a healthy fitness routine. ...

    Read More
  • Holiday Stress - Take a Deep Breath

    Most of us pay little attention, if any, to the daily functioning of our many physiological systems. Our hearts beat, our digestive systems digest, and our various hormones, such as those deriving from the thyroid gland, adrenal gland, and pancreas, do what they do. It's all good... until it's not. ...

    Read More
  • Proper Overindulgence Over the Holidays

    Proper Overindulgence Over The Holidays The term "overindulgence" is probably best assessed as a red flag, especially with respect to consistent overconsumption of high-calorie comfort food and desserts during the holiday season. An overall healthier perspective could be described as "indulgence" regarding ...

    Read More

Newsletter Signup

Sign up for more articles